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Respiratory Diseases

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Proper Manners Concerning People with Respiratory Diseases

Prevention and treatment of chronic pulmonary diseases

The main objective when treating patients of chronic pulmonary diseases is to mitigate and improve symptoms so as to enable them to engage in an increasingly wide range of daily activities, including work, while minimizing any further progression of the diseases. The first and foremost step in treatment is quitting smoking. Successfully quitting smoking not only significantly reduces the deterioration of pulmonary functions, but may also improve pulmonary functions in early-stage patients.

Types of pulmonary diseases

Pneumonia
Inflammation of the lungs caused by pathogens infecting the pulmonary tissues

Causes
The pathogens that lead to the onset of pneumonia vary widely and include streptococcus pneumonia, the influenza virus, staphylococcus, and streptococcus. It is the varying strengths of patients’immune systems that determine the different responses to these pathogens. In general, immunodeficiency makes the body prone to pneumonia.

Treatment and care
Antibiotics, bronchodilators, expectorants, and oxygen therapy

Asthma
Asthma is diagnosed on the basis of its symptoms, which include wheezing when breathing and the recurrence of seizure-like attacks of extreme breathing difficulty.

Causes
There are many different theories as to what the causes of asthma may be, including allergies, a malfunction of the autonomic nervous system, and an anomaly in the endocrine system. Asthma attacks cause airways to narrow rapidly, making it difficult for the patient to breathe and causing chest pains.

Treatment and care
Allopathy (responses to symptoms) and radical therapy (prevention of asthma attacks)

Tuberculosis (TB)
TB involves chronic inflammation of the lungs caused by tuberculosis bacteria. The prevalence rate is particularly high among the poor, socioeconomically disadvantaged, those living in slums, and among people in already poor states of health.

Causes
Mycobacterium tuberculosis grow at a very slow pace and remain latent for long stretches of time, even after infiltrating the body. These bacteria grow in areas or organs of the body rich in oxygen. Tuberculosis is one of the diseases caused by single-type bacteria with the highest death rates.

Structure and functions of the respiratory system

The two unmistakable signs of life in the human body are the beating of the heart and continuous breathing. We remain alive from moment to moment thanks to our constant breathing. Our lungs, the internal organs that are responsible for our breathing, supply oxygen that has come into the body via the nostrils and mouth throughout the body and discharge the byproducts of metabolism, including carbon dioxide.

The lungs are the main organs of the respiratory system,which handles breathing. Any defects in or damage to these organs will lead to the death of certain cells, tissues, and organs caused bya lack of oxygen and excessive accumulation of carbon dioxide.

Alcohol has traditionally been strictly off limits to patients of chronic liver diseases. Patients are, of course, advised against excessive drinking (i.e., over 60 grams of alcohol or two-thirds of a bottle of soju). Drinking is especially known to expedite the deterioration of chronic hepatitis-C. Nevertheless, patients may still drink small amounts of alcohol every now and then (about 10 to 20 grams of alcohol at once, or 80 milliliters of soju or 500 milliliters of beer).

Features of the respiratory system

  • Upper respiratory tract: nose, paranasal sinuses, and upper part of the laryngopharynx
  • Lower respiratory tract: lower part of laryngopharynx, bronchus, and bronchioles
  • Pulmonary tissues:alveolar ducts,alveolar saccules, and the lung sacs
  • Other parts of the respiratory system include the pleura, diaphragm, parapet wall, and muscles of respiration.
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