주메뉴 바로가기 컨텐츠 바로가기 하단 바로가기
  • Life
  • Standard Braille Dictionary

Standard Braille Dictionary

print

Overview

What is braille?

Braille is the script, or written language, of the blind. The script consists of only dots. Some people mistakenly believe that these dots are simply arranged in the shapes of the letters or characters of particular languages. The truth, however, is that each character or letter in braille consists of six small dots arranged in different combination. The script is named after Louis Braille, the Frenchman (1809-1852) who invented the system in 1829.

In braille, a grouping of six dots is used to create a character. Each dot has a specific number assigned to it, ranging from one to six, and depending on which of these dots are protruding, we get 63 possible characters. Each character has its own specific meaning.

Six-dot structure

Is braille a universal language?

While the six-dot structure of the braille system is the same all around the world, the words and concepts it expresses differ from nation to nation, depending on the kinds of written languages used. For instance, braille in countries that use Roman alphabets, such as England, France, and Germany, differs significantly in usage and meaning from braille in Japan, which uses hiragana, and Korea, which uses hangul. Just as non-blind people need to first learn and master the Roman alphabet before learning to read and write in English, blind people need to learn and master how braille is used in English-speaking countries before learning to read and write in English.

In Korea, different dot combinations are used for different types of consonants and vowels, such as initial phonemes/consonants, syllable nuclei (vowels), and final sounds. To write the Korean word “책” (chaek, meaning “book”) in braille, one must break the word down into “ㅊ,”“ㅐ,”and “ㄱ.”Hangul braille, also known as Hunmaengjeongeum, was invented by “Songam” Park Du-seong(1888~1963) in 1926.

Sources

Braille World (www.braillekorea.org)
Kim Ho-shik, “The World of Braille,” New Korean Language Life, Vol. 20, No. 2, pp. 43-64.

  • 이전 배너
  • 배너 슬라이드 정지
  • 다음 배너
  • 배너 슬라이드 시작